Warplane Wednesday

Warplane Wednesday: Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota

As the lead C-47 transport began to unload its charges, red anti-aircraft tracer fire lit up the night sky. By the time the firing stopped nearly two dozen aircraft had been shot down with an estimated 410 paratrooper casualties.

– Excerpt from Eagles over Husky

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C-47 Skytrain, Sicily by Roy Cross

General Dwight Eisenhower, who was commander-in-chief for the Sicily operation and later went on to command all Allied forces in Europe, called the C-47 one of his tools of victory. The Americans designated the C-47 as the Skytrain, while the British referred to it as the Dakota. These aircraft played crucial roles in troop transport, equipment and supply airlift, and casualty evacuation.

The airborne insertions tied to Operation Husky were undoubtedly the worst failures of Allied inter-service cooperation in Sicily. Poor weather, routing, inexperience among aircrews, and itchy trigger fingers among anti-aircraft gunners caused the loss of dozens of aircraft and hundreds of airborne troops. It probably wouldn’t be an exaggeration to say that friendly fire cost the Allies more transport aircraft during Operation Husky than the enemy did.

The airborne troops who did survive their drops or glider tugs from C-47s and other transport aircraft made a difference on the ground. Just like on D-Day a year later, the airborne troops confused the German and Italian defenders. They also helped to hold up crucial Axis counter attacks, especially in the sector of American landings near Gela. In the British sector, airborne troops helped capture intact a pair of bridges that facilitated Montgomery’s advance towards Catania.


Specifications (C-47)

Type: two/three-seat transport with accommodation for 28 troops, or 14 litters plus three attendants or 10,000lb (4536kg) of freight

Powerplant: two 895kW (1200hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92 14-cylinder two-row radial engines

Performance: maximum speed 370km/h (230mph); climb to 3050m (10,000ft) in 9 minutes 36 seconds; service ceiling 7315m (24,000ft); range 2575km (1600 miles)

Weights: empty 8103kg (17,865lb); maximum take-off 14,061kg (31,000lb)

Wingspan: 28.90m (95ft)

Length: 19.63m (64ft 5.5in)

Height: 5.20m (16ft 11in)

Armament: none


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The following Northwest African Troop Carrier Command units flew the Douglas C-47 Skytrain in the invasion of Sicily:

US 51st Troop Carrier Wing

  • 60th Troop Carrier Group
    • 10th Squadron
    • 11th Squadron
    • 12th Squadron
    • 28th Squadron
  • 62nd Troop Carrier Group
    • 4th Squadron
    • 7th Squadron
    • 8th Squadron
    • 51st Squadron
  • 64th Troop Carrier Group
    • 16th Squadron
    • 17th Squadron
    • 18th Squadron
    • 35th Squadron
  • 316th Troop Carrier Group
    • 36th Squadron
    • 44th Squadron
    • 45th Squadron

US 52nd Troop Carrier Wing

  • 61st Troop Carrier Group
    • 14th Squadron
    • 15th Squadron
    • 53rd Squadron
    • 59th Squadron
  • 313th Troop Carrier Group
    • 29th Squadron
    • 47th Squadron
    • 48th Squadron
    • 49th Squadron
  • 314th Troop Carrier Group
    • 32nd Squadron
    • 50th Squadron
    • 61st Squadron
    • 62nd Squadron
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